What are Traumatic Brain Injuries?

Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI) are injuries to the brain. An injury in this area is unlike an injury to any other part of the body since an individual’s personality and mental abilities can be affected by a TBI. No two brain injuries are alike and the consequences of two similar injuries may be entirely different.

What causes Traumatic Brain Injuries?

Traumatic brain injuries can happen in a number of ways. They can be the result of a head injury such as a car crash or bullet wound, a deceleration injury, a metabolic disorder, lack of oxygen, tumours, infections, or a stroke. Concussion, a common TBI happens as a result of a motor vehicle accident, but more commonly it occurs during a sports activity that involves contact.  An individual suffering from a TBI may have immediate symptoms, or symptoms may appear days or even weeks later.

Symptoms of Mild TBI:

Mild forms of traumatic brain injury will be temporary and will include symptoms such as:

  • Short loss of consciousness

  • Disorientation and confusion

  • Drowsiness

  • Headache

  • Vomiting and/or nausea

  • Speech difficulties

Symptoms of Severe TBI:

The effects of moderate to severe TBI can be long-lasting or even permanent. Most people that suffer a TBI of this type will face life challenges that will require them to adapt in significant ways. A severe traumatic brain injury can be life threatening. Symptoms can include:

  • Loss of consciousness up to several hours

  • Persistent or continued headaches

  • Convulsions/seizures

  • Repeated vomiting or nausea

  • Fluids dripping out of ears or nose

  • Comas

TBI Treatments:

Treatment for a TBI will depend on the severity of the injury. Initially, an individual will need to be hospitalized. They will need acute treatment to minimize secondary injury which may include surgery. Long term, an individual suffering from a TBI will need rehabilitative care to restore them to daily life.

Many significant functional difficulties can arise as a result of developing a traumatic brain injury. These include:

  • Inability to concentrate in class due to pain or disorientation

  • Inability to attend class due to lingering painful symptoms

  • Difficulty or inability to work as a result of headaches and nausea

  • Significant impairments communicating or socializing in groups or in public

What are Concussions?

Concussions are the most common form of traumatic brain injury, and millions of people deal with them worldwide. A concussion is a form of traumatic brain injury caused by a blow to the head that affects an individual’s normal brain function. Concussions are common within contact sports such as football, in which head blows or other forms of contact are common.

Common symptoms of concussions include:

  • Headaches

  • Temporary loss of consciousness

  • Amnesia or loss of memory

  • Dizziness

  • Speech difficulties such as slurring words

  • Nausea and/or vomiting

There are several functional difficulties that arise from the development of a concussion. These include:

  • Academic difficulties that include concentrating in class, headaches, and speech difficulties

  • Occupational difficulties that prevent an individual from going to work

  • Difficulties speaking which results in significant social difficulties and ability to make friends

How we can help?

Traumatic brain injuries can be significant, and in many cases it can be difficult or even impossible for an individual to function normally after a severe TBI. The most effective treatment is Neurofeedback and QEEG;  QEEG mapping gives us a precise idea of what areas of the brain are suffering and require support, whereas with Neurofeedback we train those areas to regain some of their lost functions.  Furthermore, various forms of Psychotherapy, such as with Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and Clinical Hypnosis address emotional as well as cognitive issues associated with TBI’s. Nutrition Counselling and Functional Medicine will allow a complete analysis of your bio-psycho-social-emotional profile of mental health, which we can use as a roadmap to treatments such as Life Coaching, Medications and Nutritional Supplements.