What is Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder?

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is a severe and debilitating mental condition that affects over 8% of all people. PTSD results from direct exposure to a significant traumatic event or occurrence, either through personally experiencing the event or having witnessed it. Changes in the brain mean that an individual suffering from PTSD will have difficulty moving on from the event as they suffer flashbacks. In severe cases, the individual is unable to work or socialize properly, and can even become severely depressed and/or suicidal.

What Causes PTSD?

PTSD is the result of witnessing or experiencing some form of significant trauma. Different types of trauma that an individual might experience include:

  • War or military combat

  • Exposure to violence or death

  • Rape or physical assault

  • Natural disasters such as earthquakes or tornadoes

  • Kidnapping or being held at gunpoint

  • Robbery

  • Other life-threatening or harmful incidents

Symptoms of PTSD include:

  • Nightmares

  • Flashbacks

  • Anxiety

  • Paranoia

  • Sleep apnea or insomnia

  • Irritability and outbursts of anger

  • Lack of concentration

  • Hypervigilance

  • Social withdrawal

Treatments include psychological therapies and medication. Detailed tests and assessments will need to be carried out to determine the best method of treatment.

An individual who is dealing with PTSD will be experiencing significant occupational, physical, and social difficulties.

PTSD can cause:

  • Avoidance or fear of going to school

  • Inability or difficulty working due to anxiety and paranoia from disorder

  • Breakdowns in familial and social relationships

  • Physical disability

How we can help:

An individual living with PTSD may have extreme difficulty forgetting about the traumatic event and may continue to relive what happened repeatedly, causing additional distress and anxiety. Fortunately, there are solutions and effective treatments available. The most effective treatments for someone with PTSD are psychotherapy techniques such as Individual Therapy  as well as with Eye Movement Desensitization Reperocessing.