What is ADHD (ADD)?

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common neurodevelopmental condition that affects attention, impulse control, executive function, planning, organization, judgment, mood, and emotional reactivity, to name a few. Neuroscience, brain imaging and clinical research tell us a few important things about ADHD. ADHD is not a behavioral disorder, a mental illness, a learning disability, or a matter of personal discipline. Instead, ADHD is a brain developmental impairment.

Individuals with ADHD (formerly known as ADD, Attention Deficit Disorder) will struggle with a range of regular activities, including:

  • School performance and academic attainment
  • Occupational performance and attendance
  • Creating or maintaining social relationships
  • Maintaining focus and concentration


Symptoms of ADHD:

  • Inability to sit still
  • Constantly fidgeting
  • Unable to concentrate
  • Excessive talking and physical movement
  • Constant forgetfulness, missing deadlines
  • Losing or misplacing items
  • Inability or difficulty focusing in meetings, class lectures, or talking with friends


Types of ADHD

  1. Combined ADHD

  2. Inattentive ADHD

  3. Hyperactive & Impulsive ADHD


1. Combined ADHD

Someone with Combined ADHD may have difficulty focusing, trouble organizing tasks by priority, and have difficulty waiting for their turn. They may also portray symptoms of hyperactivity, which may cause them to be consistently restless, fidgety, and unable to sit still.


Symptoms of Combined ADHD:

  • Anxiety
  • Chronic lateness
  • Difficulty working on and completing tasks
  • Disorganized
  • Easily Distracted
  • Impulsive Behaviour
  • Noisy and Loud
  • Poor attention to detail
  • Poor organizational skills
  • Poor self-esteem
  • Procrastination
  • Restlessness
  • Short temper


2. Inattentive ADHD (ADD)

Inattentive ADHD, formerly known as ADD, as per its name, is characterized by the inability to focus and pay attention. Someone with Inattentive ADHD will not experience the same hyperactive and impulsive tendencies commonly found in the other two subtypes.  Since children with this subtype don’t possess the hyperactive and always-on predispositions, it’s more difficult to discover Inattentive ADHD early on. 


Symptoms of Inattentive ADHD (ADD):

  • Anxiety
  • Constant misplacing of items
  • Constantly tired
  • Daydreaming
  • Difficulty Focusing
  • Difficulty Listening
  • Disorganized
  • Easily Distracted
  • Frequently forgetful
  • Poor attention to detail
  • Procrastination


3. Hyperactive & Impulsive ADHD

The Hyperactive and Impulsive ADHD subtype is characterized by someone who is always moving around in their seat – unable to sit still, a chatterbox, acting impulsively, and may not always pay full attention to the discussion at hand. Children in this category of ADHD are described as ‘being run by a motor engine’.


Symptoms of Hyperactive & Impulsive ADHD:

  • Fidgeting
  • Restlessness
  • Unable to play quietly
  • Getting up unexpectedly or inappropriately
  • Running or climbing inappropriately
  • Always “on the go” or characterized as having a motor
  • Excessive talking and interrupting or intruding conversations


What Causes ADHD(ADD)?

Besides being influenced by a combination of temperamental, environmental, and genetic factors, the exact causes of ADHD aren’t fully understood. Research and brain science, however, shows a lag in the development of the brain’s self-management system in individuals with ADHD. 


How can we help?

Complementing some of the traditional treatments for ADHD, at Elumind we offer further evidence-based and effective treatments to manage ADHD symptoms, such as Neurofeedback, Life Coaching, and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy.  

Neurofeedback helps treat ADHD by increasing and balancing the ratio of high-frequency brain waves that lead to greater attention and self-control. Many ADHD brains create too much of the lower-frequency brainwaves, known as delta and theta, and thus they have a shortage of higher frequency brainwaves, like beta. Over the course of your treatment protocol, neurofeedback works to reverse that ratio and reduce the symptoms of ADHD. 

Through QEEG brain mapping, we can see that a person with ADHD tends to generate an abundance of slower Theta brainwaves in their frontal cortex.  It’s also been discovered that people with ADHD have different neural pathways in areas of the brain involved in attention, motor activity, impulsive behavior, and inhibition. 

Although some people aren’t diagnosed until adulthood, when we go back through a therapeutic assessment, we find that ADHD symptoms were actually present in their childhood.  Also, if a child is diagnosed with ADHD, there’s a high probability that a parent or a sibling will have ADHD too. 


Hyperactive and Impulsive ADHD
Inattentive ADHD (ADD)
Combined ADHD