What are ADHD and ADD?

Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are neurodevelopmental conditions that affect attention, impulse control, executive function, planning and organization, judgment, mood and emotional reactivity to name a few.

Individuals dealing with ADD/ADHD will struggle with a range of regular activities and programs. These include:

  • Reduced school performance and academic attainment

  • Social rejection or difficulty

  • Poor occupational performance including attainment and attendance of jobs and increased levels of unemployment and interpersonal conflict.

Causes of ADD/ADHD aren’t fully understood but they are known to be from a combination of tempermental, environmental and genetic factors. Additionally, at times a person may develop ADD or ADHD later on from a range of other factors such as video game obsession, excessive electronic use (such as cell phones), limited physical activity, or other unhealthy habits.

ADHD/ADD rates continue to drastically rise worldwide with 5% of all kids being diagnosed with the condition, and thousands more going undiagnosed into adulthood. Left untreated into adulthood, ADHD can result in difficulties with both an individual’s personal and professional life.

Additionally, statistics show that one third of all students dealing with ADD or ADHD don’t complete high school and only 15% of students manage to complete a college or university degree. This inability to complete an education significantly increases the chances that individuals dealing with the condition will end up with low paying jobs. Also, untreated ADHD and ADD are well-documented to be associated with forensic involvement and use of illicit drugs. Furthermore, ADHD is co-morbid with a slew of mental health conditions such as:

  • Bipolar Disorder and Depression
  • Oppositional Defiant Disorder
  • Substance Use
  • Learning Disorders
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder
  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

There are three main subtypes of ADHD: Combined ADHD subtype (has both sets of symptoms meaning inattention and hyperactivity), inattentive ADHD (also called Attention Deficit Disorder or ADD) and the Hyperactive/Impulsive subtype.

Combined ADHD

Someone with Combined ADHD will have difficulty focusing, trouble organizing tasks by priority, and will have difficulty waiting their turn. They will also portray symptoms of hyperactivity, and may consistently be restless, fidgety and unable to sit still. Fortunately there are ways to counteract the hyperactive and inattentive tendencies found in Combined ADHD. Most commonly this can be done through therapies such as Neurofeedback.

Combined ADHD symptoms

  • Anxiety
  • Chronic lateness
  • Difficulty working on and completing tasks
  • Disorganized
  • Easily Distracted
  • Impulsive Behaviour
  • Noisy and Loud
  • Poor attention to detail
  • Poor organizational skills
  • Poor self-esteem
  • Procrastination
  • Restlessness
  • Short temper
Inattentive ADHD (ADD)

Inattentive ADHD or ADD is a form of ADHD characterized by inattention and the inability to focus and pay attention. Individuals with ADD will have an absence of hyperactive and impulsive tendencies commonly found in Common ADHD and Hyperactive and Impulsive ADHD subtypes. Since children with ADD do not have these hyperactive and “always on” predispositions, it is much more difficult to discover ADD in children as opposed to ADHD. As a result countless children dealing with ADD go through childhood untreated and tend to be viewed as being uncommitted or lazy students through school and at home.

Inattentive ADHD/ADD common adult symptoms

  • Anxiety
  • Constant misplacing of items
  • Constantly tired
  • Daydreaming
  • Difficulty Focusing
  • Difficulty Listening
  • Disorganized
  • Easily Distracted
  • Frequently forgetful
  • Poor attention to detail
  • Procrastination
Hyperactive and Impulsive ADHD

The Hyperactive and Impulsive ADHD subtype is characterized by hyperactive and overactive tendencies that include restlessness, fidgeting, and talking loudly, unnecessarily, or unexpectedly. Fortunately there are ways to counteract these hyperactive and impulsive tendencies. Most commonly this can be done through various therapies such as Neurofeedback.

Hyperactive and Impulsive ADHD symptoms:

  • Fidgeting
  • Restlessness
  • Unable to play quietly
  • Getting up unexpectedly or inappropriately
  • Running or climbing inappropriately
  • Always “on the go” or characterized as having a motor
  • Excessive talking and interrupting or intruding conversations

How we can help?

While ADD and ADHD provide challenges to living a rewarding and prosperous life, don’t worry! Fortunately there are proven solutions. The most effective solutions are through Neurofeedback, Life Coaching and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy . These treatments have been clinically proven to help stabilize symptoms of both ADHD and ADD. One of our trained professionals will work with you step by step to ensure that you or someone you care about is receiving the proper and accurate form of treatment that will allow you to have the life that you deserve.

Hyperactive and Impulsive ADHD
Inattentive ADHD (ADD)
Combined ADHD